Purpose: To evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes of hybrid repair of the arch and proximal descending aorta in a single tertiary center for aortic disease.
Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed of 55 patients (median age 67 years; 36 men) who underwent hybrid repair of thoracic aortic pathology with involvement of the arch between January 2005 and May 2015 at a single tertiary center. The pathologies included 40 (73%) with aneurysmal disease, 10 (18%) acute type B aortic dissections, 2 with acute aortic syndrome, an acute type A dissection, and left and aberrant right subclavian artery aneurysms. Seven (13%) procedures were performed as an emergency. Demographics and procedure characteristics were collected for analysis of survival and reinterventions.
Results: Complete aortic debranching was performed in 14 (25%) to facilitate endograft placement in zone 0; debranching was partial in 20 (36%) patients for zone 1 deployments and 21 (38%) for zone 2. Primary technical success was achieved in 51 (93%) cases. One patient died in-hospital from aneurysm rupture following aortic debranching prior to stent-graft repair. In another, the stent-graft procedure proved infeasible and was abandoned. The other 2 technical failures were due to type Ia endoleaks. Five (9%) patients died in-hospital (4 of 48 elective and 1 of 7 emergency cases); 2 of these patients died within 30 days (4%). Eight (14%) patients had a stroke, 6 of 48 elective and 2 of the 7 emergency patients. Spinal cord ischemia was reported in 3 (6%) patients. Mean follow-up was 74.6 months. Overall cumulative survival was 70% at 1 year, 68% at 2 years, and 57% at 5 years. Reintervention to the proximal landing zone for type Ia endoleak was required in 6% of cases. The overall rate of aortic reintervention was 18% at 1 year, 21% at 2 years, and 36% at 5 years. Overall extra-anatomic graft patency was 99%.
Conclusion: Hybrid repair of the aortic arch and proximal descending thoracic aorta is technically feasible, with acceptable short-term mortality. There is a low rate of proximal landing zone reintervention when hybrid techniques are used to create an adequate proximal landing zone. Extra-anatomic bypass grafts have good long-term patency. Ongoing disease progression means that further distal aortic interventions are often necessary in patients with extensive disease.
Keywords: aneurysm; aortic arch; descending thoracic aorta; endograft; endovascular treatment/therapy; hybrid repair; stent-graft; surgery; thoracoabdominal aneurysm.
© The Author(s) 2016.