Goldenhar syndrome: a rare diagnosis with possible prenatal findings

BMJ Case Rep. 2016 Jun 21:2016:bcr2016215258. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2016-215258.


Goldenhar syndrome is a rare congenital disease associated with hemifacial hypoplasia as well as ear and ocular defects. Sometimes it is also associated with vertebral and other bone defects, cardiac malformations and central nervous system anomalies. Its aetiology is not yet clarified in the literature. We present a case of multiple malformations detected in the morphology ultrasound (at 22 weeks of gestation), namely absent nasal bones, micrognathia and absent left radius, among other defects. Genetic counselling, fetal brain MRI and cardiac sonography, which showed ventricular septal defect, were performed. 11 syndromes with poor fetal or neonatal prognosis were identified as possible diagnosis, using a genetic database and the couple asked for a medical termination of pregnancy. Postmortem examination has shown features consistent with Goldenhar syndrome.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / embryology
  • Abnormalities, Multiple / pathology*
  • Abortion, Induced*
  • Female
  • Fetal Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Fetal Diseases / pathology
  • Genetic Counseling
  • Goldenhar Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Goldenhar Syndrome / embryology
  • Goldenhar Syndrome / pathology
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Diagnosis