A novel neurodevelopmental disorder associated with compound heterozygous variants in the huntingtin gene

Eur J Hum Genet. 2016 Dec;24(12):1826-1827. doi: 10.1038/ejhg.2016.74. Epub 2016 Jun 22.


We report compound heterozygous variants in HTT, the gene encoding huntingtin, in association with an autosomal recessive neurodevelopmental disorder. Three siblings presented with severe global developmental delay since birth, central hypotonia progressing to spastic quadraparesis, feeding difficulties, dystonia (2/3 sibs), prominent midline stereotypies (2/3), bruxism (1/3), high myopia (2/3), and epilepsy (1/3). Whole exome sequencing identified compound heterozygous variants in HTT that co-segregated in the three affected sibs and were absent in an unaffected sib. There were no additional variants in other genes that could account for the reported phenotype. Molecular analysis of HTT should be considered, not just for Huntington's disease, but also in children with a Rett-like syndrome who test negative for known Rett and Rett-like syndrome genes.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Developmental Disabilities / diagnosis
  • Developmental Disabilities / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genes, Recessive
  • Heterozygote
  • Humans
  • Huntingtin Protein / genetics*
  • Male
  • Muscle Hypotonia / diagnosis
  • Muscle Hypotonia / genetics*
  • Mutation*
  • Pedigree
  • Phenotype
  • Syndrome


  • HTT protein, human
  • Huntingtin Protein