The Effect of Topical Rosa damascena (Rose) Oil on Pregnancy-Related Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med. 2017 Jan;22(1):120-126. doi: 10.1177/2156587216654601. Epub 2016 Jun 22.


The study aimed to assess the efficacy of topical rose oil in women with pregnancy-related low back pain. A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 120 women with pregnancy-related low back pain. Patients were allocated to 3 parallel groups to receive topical rose oil (in the carrier of almond oil), placebo (carrier oil), or no intervention. All groups were followed for 4 weeks. All participants were evaluated by Visual Analog Scale and the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaires to assess the pain intensity and its impact on daily activities before and after the intervention. Significant decrease in pain intensity compared to carrier oil or no intervention was observed. The rose oil also improves the functional ability of these patients in contrast with no intervention, while its effect on function is not significant compared to carrier oil. Rose oil reduced pregnancy-related low back pain intensity without any significant adverse effect.

Keywords: Persian medicine; complementary and alternative medicine; low back pain; pregnancy; rose oil.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain / drug therapy*
  • Oils, Volatile / chemistry
  • Oils, Volatile / therapeutic use*
  • Pain Measurement
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / drug therapy*
  • Rosa*
  • Young Adult


  • Oils, Volatile
  • Plant Extracts