Long non-coding RNA-mediated regulation of glucose homeostasis and diabetes

Am J Cardiovasc Dis. 2016 May 18;6(2):17-25. eCollection 2016.

Abstract

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) represent an important class of non-coding RNAs that plays key roles in regulating the expression of genes in health and disease. Accumulating genetic, experimental, and epidemiological studies highlight a growing list of lncRNAs that control glucose homeostasis and diabetic pathologies and complications. Through interactions with chromatin, RNA, and protein, lncRNAs modulate chromatin modification, mRNA stability, microRNA activity, and the function of proteins such as transcription factors. This review highlights emerging concepts in lncRNA-mediated control of glucose homeostasis as well as some of the challenges and therapeutic opportunities in the pathogenesis of diabetes and its complications.

Keywords: Long non-coding RNAs; diabetes; glucose.

Publication types

  • Review