Introduction: Most post-bariatric patients seek body contouring procedures to correct skin excess after massive weight loss. Among these procedures, some surgeons are still wary of circular abdominoplasty, mainly because it is considered a major intervention associated with a high complication rate. The aim of this study was to assess the complication rate of circular abdominoplasty performed on patients presenting with massive weight loss, with a particular emphasis on patient selection and surgical technique.
Methods: Fifty-six consecutive patients who underwent circular abdominoplasty following massive weight loss between January 2001 and March 2015 were included in the study. The indications for the procedure were abdominal skin excess extending to the flanks and the posterior region of the lower trunk. Data were collected retrospectively through medical charts and photographs.
Results: Forty-nine patients were female. The mean age was 39.8 years, with a mean preoperative body mass index of 25.7 kg/m2. The mean time between bariatric surgery and circular abdominoplasty was 3.3 years. The overall complication rate was 23.2%, mostly minor, with only one (1.7%) early surgical revision under local anesthesia for delayed wound healing. Blood transfusion was required for 8.9% of patients.
Conclusion: Patient selection (e.g., body mass index < 30 kg/m2), precise preoperative planning and markings, and simple and careful surgical technique with minimal liposuction and undermining are crucial. Ensuring these key factors renders circular abdominoplasty a reliable and safe procedure, with low complication rates.
Keywords: Bariatric surgery; Body contouring; Circular abdominoplasty; Circular belt lipectomy; Complication; Massive weight loss.
Copyright © 2016 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.