Oral candidiasis

Clin Dermatol. 2016 Jul-Aug;34(4):487-94. doi: 10.1016/j.clindermatol.2016.02.022. Epub 2016 Mar 2.


Oral candidiasis (OC) is a common fungal disease encountered in dermatology, most commonly caused by an overgrowth of Candida albicans in the mouth. Although thrush is a well-recognized presentation of OC, it behooves clinicians to be aware of the many other presentations of this disease and how to accurately diagnose and manage these cases. The clinical presentations of OC can be broadly classified as white or erythematous candidiasis, with various subtypes in each category. The treatments include appropriate oral hygiene, topical agents, and systemic medications. This review focuses on the various clinical presentations of OC and treatment options.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Administration, Topical
  • Antifungal Agents / administration & dosage
  • Antifungal Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Atrophy / microbiology
  • Candidiasis, Chronic Mucocutaneous / complications
  • Candidiasis, Chronic Mucocutaneous / diagnosis
  • Candidiasis, Oral / complications
  • Candidiasis, Oral / diagnosis
  • Candidiasis, Oral / drug therapy*
  • Cheilitis / microbiology
  • Erythema / microbiology
  • Glossitis / microbiology
  • Humans
  • Hyperplasia / microbiology
  • Mouth Mucosa / pathology*


  • Antifungal Agents