Current Topics in Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson Disease

Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo). 2016 Oct 15;56(10):613-625. doi: 10.2176/nmc.ra.2016-0021. Epub 2016 Jun 24.


There is a long history of surgical treatment for Parkinson disease (PD). After pioneering trials and errors, the current primary surgical treatment for PD is deep brain stimulation (DBS). DBS is a promising treatment option for patients with medically refractory PD. However, there are still many problems and controversies associated with DBS. In this review, we discuss current issues in DBS for PD, including patient selection, clinical outcomes, complications, target selection, long-term outcomes, management of axial symptoms, timing of surgery, surgical procedures, cost-effectiveness, and new technology.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Deep Brain Stimulation*
  • Humans
  • Parkinson Disease / therapy*
  • Patient Selection
  • Treatment Outcome