Healing at implants placed in bone of different morphology: an experimental study in dogs

Clin Oral Implants Res. 2017 Aug;28(8):961-965. doi: 10.1111/clr.12905. Epub 2016 Jun 28.


Objective: To study osseointegration at implants installed using a standard bed preparation in sites of different bone morphology.

Material and methods: In six Labrador dogs, all mandibular premolars and first molars were extracted. After 4 months of healing, flaps were elevated, and two recipient sites were prepared in each side of the mandible, one in the second premolar and the other in the molar regions. Bone morphology and final insertion torque were evaluated. Healing abutments were applied, and the flaps were sutured to allow a non-submerged healing. After 4 months, the animals were sacrificed and ground sections were obtained for histomorphometric analyses.

Results: At the premolar sites, bone morphology Class 2 and at the molar regions Class 3 or 4 were identified. The final insertion torque was 50-55 Ncm at the premolar and 30-35 Ncm at the molar sites. Mean osseointegration in percentage reached 61.5 ± 11.5% and 63.3 ± 10.1% at the premolar and molar sites, respectively. Mineralized bone density evaluated from the implant surface up to a distance of about 0.6 mm lateral to the implant surface was 63.0 ± 7.4% and 65.4 ± 17.7% at the premolar and molar sites, respectively.

Conclusions: Similar implant bed preparations performed at premolar and molar sites with different bone morphology, yielding insertion torque values of about 30-35 and 50-55 Ncm, respectively, did not affect osseointegration after 4 months at non-submerged implants.

Keywords: animal study; bone; dental implants; histology; implant dentistry; morphometry.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bicuspid / surgery
  • Bone-Implant Interface / pathology
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous / methods*
  • Dogs
  • Mandible / pathology
  • Mandible / surgery
  • Molar / surgery
  • Osseointegration*