Glycogen distribution in the microwave-fixed mouse brain reveals heterogeneous astrocytic patterns

Glia. 2016 Sep;64(9):1532-45. doi: 10.1002/glia.23020. Epub 2016 Jun 29.


In the brain, glycogen metabolism has been implied in synaptic plasticity and learning, yet the distribution of this molecule has not been fully described. We investigated cerebral glycogen of the mouse by immunohistochemistry (IHC) using two monoclonal antibodies that have different affinities depending on the glycogen size. The use of focused microwave irradiation yielded well-defined glycogen immunoreactive signals compared with the conventional periodic acid-Schiff method. The IHC signals displayed a punctate distribution localized predominantly in astrocytic processes. Glycogen immunoreactivity (IR) was high in the hippocampus, striatum, cortex, and cerebellar molecular layer, whereas it was low in the white matter and most of the subcortical structures. Additionally, glycogen distribution in the hippocampal CA3-CA1 and striatum had a 'patchy' appearance with glycogen-rich and glycogen-poor astrocytes appearing in alternation. The glycogen patches were more evident with large-molecule glycogen in young adult mice but they were hardly observable in aged mice (1-2 years old). Our results reveal brain region-dependent glycogen accumulation and possibly metabolic heterogeneity of astrocytes. GLIA 2016;64:1532-1545.

Keywords: aging; astrocytes; focused microwave irradiation; glycogen; immunohistochemistry.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Astrocytes / metabolism*
  • Cerebellum / metabolism*
  • Glycogen / metabolism*
  • Immunohistochemistry / methods
  • Male
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Microwaves


  • Glycogen