Three methods, chromatographic, spectrophotometric and tritium-release assay, were used and compared for the assay of deoxycytidylate methyltransferase. All three methods can be used for assay of this enzyme but the tritium-release assay appears to be the most simple and convenient. With the help of this assay the deoxycytidylate methyltransferase has been isolated and purified from sonically disrupted cells of Xp12-infected Xanthomonas oryzae. Using a procedure that involves fractionation with streptomycin sulfate and ammonium sulfate, filtration through Sephadex G-100 and chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, a 214-fold increase in specific activity was obtained. The enzyme displays a narrow pH optimum at 6.0 Among the buffers tested, 6-morpholinoethane sulfonate with the addition of Mg2 is the best. The enzyme can utilize dCMP as a substrate. The enzyme can also convert tetrahydrofolic acid into dihydrofolic acid. The Km value for dCMP is 31.3 micrometer and the Km value for tetrahydrofolic acid is 71.4 micrometer. There is no absolute requirement of ions for the activity of the enzyme; however, the presence of ions causes stimulating or inhibiting effects on enzyme activity that are dependent on the variety and concentration of ions used.