Pyruvate dehydrogenase alpha 1 as a target of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in human prostate cancer through a global phosphoproteomic analysis

Proteomics. 2016 Sep;16(17):2419-31. doi: 10.1002/pmic.201600166. Epub 2016 Aug 16.


Prostate cancer is one of the leading cancers in men. Taking dietary supplements, such as fish oil (FO), which is rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), has been employed as a strategy to lower prostate cancer risk and control disease progression. In this study, we investigated the global phosphoproteomic changes induced by FO using a combination of phosphoprotein-enrichment strategy and high-resolution tandem mass spectrometry. We found that FO induces many more phosphorylation changes than oleic acid when they both are compared to control group. Quantitative comparison between untreated group and FO- or oleic acid-treated groups uncovered a number of important protein phosphorylation changes induced by n-3PUFAs. This phosphoproteomic discovery study and the follow-up Western Blot validation study elucidate that phosphorylation levels of the two regulatory serine residues in pyruvate dehydrogenase alpha 1 (PDHA1), serine-232 and serine-300, are significantly decreased upon FO treatment. As expected, increased pyruvate dehydrogenase activity was also observed. This study suggests that FO-induced phosphorylation changes in PDHA1 is more likely related to the glucose metabolism pathway, and n-3 PUFAs may have a role in controlling the balance between lipid and glucose oxidation.

Keywords: Biomedicine; Fish oil; Phosphoproteomics; Prostate cancer; Pyruvate dehydrogenase; Unsaturated fatty acids.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Dietary Supplements / analysis
  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3 / therapeutic use*
  • Fish Oils / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Oleic Acids / therapeutic use
  • Phosphopeptides / analysis
  • Phosphopeptides / metabolism
  • Phosphoproteins / analysis
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Prostate / metabolism
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / diet therapy*
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Proteome / analysis
  • Proteome / metabolism
  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase (Lipoamide) / chemistry
  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase (Lipoamide) / metabolism*
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry


  • Fatty Acids, Omega-3
  • Fish Oils
  • Oleic Acids
  • Phosphopeptides
  • Phosphoproteins
  • Proteome
  • Pyruvate Dehydrogenase (Lipoamide)
  • pyruvate dehydrogenase E1alpha subunit