Canadian Consensus on Female Nutrition: Adolescence, Reproduction, Menopause, and Beyond

J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2016 Jun;38(6):508-554.e18. doi: 10.1016/j.jogc.2016.01.001. Epub 2016 May 14.


Objectives: To provide health care professionals in Canada with the basic knowledge and tools to provide nutrition guidance to women through their lifecycle.

Outcomes: Optimal nutrition through the female lifecycle was evaluated, with specific focus on adolescence, pre-conception, pregnancy, postpartum, menopause, and beyond. The guideline begins with an overview of guidance for all women, followed by chapters that examine the evidence and provide recommendations for the promotion of healthy nutrition and body weight at each life stage. Nutrients of special concern and other considerations unique to each life stage are discussed in each chapter.

Evidence: Published literature, governmental and health agency reports, clinical practice guidelines, grey literature, and textbook sources were used in supporting the recommendations made in this document.

Values: The quality of evidence was rated using the criteria described in the report of the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care. CHAPTER 2: GENERAL FEMALE NUTRITION: Summary Statements Recommendations CHAPTER 3: ADOLESCENCE NUTRITION: Summary Statements Recommendations CHAPTER 4: PRE-CONCEPTUAL NUTRITION: Summary Statement Recommendations CHAPTER 5: NUTRITION IN PREGNANCY: Summary Statements Recommendations CHAPTER 6: POSTPARTUM NUTRITION AND LACTATION: Summary Statements Recommendations CHAPTER 7: NUTRITION DURING MENOPAUSE AND BEYOND: Summary Statement Recommendations.

Keywords: Nutrition; adolescence; chronic disease; deficiency; eating; eating disorders; energy; female; food; health; lactation; lifecycle; macronutrients; menopause; minerals; nutrients; older women; postpartum; pre-conception; pregnancy; supplements; vitamins; weight loss; women.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Health
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Lactation
  • Menopause
  • Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
  • Postpartum Period
  • Pregnancy
  • Women's Health*