Relationship of Annular Sizing Using Multidetector Computed Tomographic Imaging and Clinical Outcomes After Self-Expanding CoreValve Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Circ Cardiovasc Interv. 2016 Jul;9(7):e003282. doi: 10.1161/CIRCINTERVENTIONS.115.003282.


Background: Multidetector computed tomography is useful for determining the appropriate transcatheter heart valve (THV) size in patients with severe aortic stenosis who are suboptimal surgical candidates. The relationship between adherence to the recommended CoreValve sizing algorithm and clinical outcomes is not known.

Methods and results: We evaluated 1023 patients with severe aortic stenosis deemed high or extreme risk for surgery treated with the CoreValve THV. All patients underwent preprocedural multidetector computed tomography, and the scans were reviewed at a central analysis center using standardized software. Compliance to a recommended sizing algorithm was used to identify patients with below-range, in-range, and above-range THV sizing. A device annular sizing ratio (DAR) was also calculated based on the native annulus perimeter and perimeter of the selected THV. Clinical end points included the presence of paravalvular aortic regurgitation evaluated by an independent echocardiographic laboratory. Adherence to the sizing algorithm was highest with a 31-mm THV (92.6%) and lowest with the 23-mm THV (38.5%). Below-range sizing was associated with a higher rate of moderate or severe paravalvular aortic regurgitation (15.3%) than in-range (6.5%) or above-range (10.0%; P<0.001) sizing. Higher DARs were associated with lower rates of moderate or severe paravalvular aortic regurgitation: DAR ≤10%, 17.6%; DAR 10% to 15%, 9.9%; DAR 15% to 20%, 6.3%; and DAR >20%, 4.9%; P<0.001. There was no increase in clinical events associated with higher DARs.

Conclusions: Adherence to a sizing algorithm guided by multidetector computed tomography resulted in lower rates of paravalvular aortic regurgitation after self-expanding transcatheter valve replacement without an increase in complications.

Clinical trial registration: URL: Unique identifier: NCT01240902.

Keywords: annular geometry; aortic regurgitation; aortic stenosis; multidetector CT imaging; transcatheter aortic valve; valvular heart disease.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Algorithms
  • Aortic Valve / diagnostic imaging*
  • Aortic Valve / physiopathology
  • Aortic Valve / surgery*
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Valve Insufficiency / etiology
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / physiopathology
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / surgery
  • Clinical Decision-Making
  • Decision Support Techniques
  • Female
  • Guideline Adherence
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis* / standards
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Multidetector Computed Tomography*
  • Patient Selection
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prosthesis Design* / standards
  • Risk Factors
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement / adverse effects
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement / instrumentation*
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement / standards
  • Treatment Outcome
  • United States

Associated data