Maxillary sinus infection with Allescheria boydii (Petriellidium boydii)

Johns Hopkins Med J. 1978 Apr;142(4):107-9.


Allescheria boydii (Petriellidium boydii) has previously been described as a cause of Madura foot and pulmonary and other visceral infections. This report describes infection of the maxillary sinus and facial soft tissue with A. boydii in a compromised host. The infection did not respond to antibiotics, including amphotericin B and 5-fluorocytosine. Miconazole was not used in our patient, although in vitro data obtained after death indicated sensitivity of the fungus to miconazole.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amphotericin B / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Face / microbiology
  • Flucytosine / therapeutic use
  • Humans
  • Leukemia, Lymphoid / complications
  • Male
  • Maxillary Sinus* / microbiology
  • Maxillary Sinus* / pathology
  • Mycoses / drug therapy*
  • Mycoses / pathology
  • Paranasal Sinus Diseases / drug therapy
  • Paranasal Sinus Diseases / pathology
  • Pseudallescheria / drug effects


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Amphotericin B
  • Flucytosine