Pharmacokinetics of pyrazinamide and its metabolites in healthy subjects

Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1989;36(4):395-400. doi: 10.1007/BF00558302.

Abstract

The plasma and urine pharmacokinetic parameters of pyrazinamide and of its metabolites (pyrazinoic acid, 5-hydroxy-pyrazinamide, 5-hydroxy-pyrazinoic acid and pyrazinuric acid) have been studied after a single oral dose of pyrazinamide 27 mg.kg-1 in 9 healthy subjects. Pyrazinamide was rapidly absorbed (tmax less than or equal to 1 h) and showed a short distribution phase followed by an elimination phase of t1/2 beta = 9.6 h. The close similarity of the apparent elimination rates of the metabolites led to a second trial of a single oral dose of pyrazinoic acid to evaluate the formation and elimination stages. The limiting factor was found to be the activity of a microsomal deamidase (pyrazinoic acid formation from pyrazinamide and 5-hydroxy-pyrazinoic acid formation from 5-hydroxy-pyrazinamide). In contrast, oxidation by xanthine oxidase occurred very rapidly (5-hydroxy-pyrazinamide formation and pyrazinoic acid catabolism to 5-hydroxy-pyrazinoic acid).

MeSH terms

  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Half-Life
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pyrazinamide / analogs & derivatives
  • Pyrazinamide / pharmacokinetics*

Substances

  • Pyrazinamide
  • pyrazinoic acid
  • pyrazinuric acid