Cylindromatosis (CYLD) is a ubiquitously expressed deubiquitinating enzyme which removes activating ubiquitin residues from important signaling molecules of the NF-κB pathway. In CYLDex7/8 transgenic mice, a naturally occurring short isoform (sCYLD) is overexpressed in the absence of full length CYLD, leading to excessive NF-κB activity. Herein, we investigated the impact of the CYLDex7/8 mutation selectively in T cells on the development of experimental allergic airway disease induced by sensitization and challenge with ovalbumin. Compared with their wildtype littermates, mice bearing the T cell-specific mutation (CD4+CYLDex7/8) display stronger eosinophilia and mucus production in the lungs and higher IgE serum levels. The reason for these observations is excessive production of T cell-derived IL-9, a cytokine to whom allergy-promoting properties were ascribed. Consequently, blockade of IL-9 in CD4+CYLDex7/8 mice alleviates the development of disease symptoms. Thus, by polarization of the T cell cytokine response, sCYLD can favor the development of allergic airway disease.
Keywords: Asthma; Cylindromatosis (turban tumor syndrome) gene; IL-9; Th9 cells.
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