Oxidative Homeostasis Regulates the Response to Reductive Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress through Translation Control

Cell Rep. 2016 Jul 19;16(3):851-65. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.06.025. Epub 2016 Jun 30.


Reductive stress leads to the loss of disulfide bond formation and induces the unfolded protein response of the endoplasmic reticulum (UPR(ER)), necessary to regain proteostasis in the compartment. Here we show that peroxide accumulation during reductive stress attenuates UPR(ER) amplitude by altering translation without any discernible effect on transcription. Through a comprehensive genetic screen in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, we identify modulators of reductive stress-induced UPR(ER) and demonstrate that oxidative quality control (OQC) genes modulate this cellular response in the presence of chronic but not acute reductive stress. Using a combination of microarray and relative quantitative proteomics, we uncover a non-canonical translation attenuation mechanism that acts in a bipartite manner to selectively downregulate highly expressed proteins, decoupling the cell's transcriptional and translational response during reductive ER stress. Finally, we demonstrate that PERK, a canonical translation attenuator in higher eukaryotes, helps in bypassing a ROS-dependent, non-canonical mode of translation attenuation.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Caenorhabditis elegans / genetics
  • Down-Regulation / genetics
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum / genetics*
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress / genetics*
  • Eukaryota / genetics
  • Homeostasis / genetics*
  • Peroxides / metabolism
  • Protein Biosynthesis / genetics*
  • Proteomics / methods
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology
  • Transcription, Genetic / genetics
  • Unfolded Protein Response / genetics
  • eIF-2 Kinase / genetics


  • Peroxides
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • eIF-2 Kinase