Simultaneous bilateral hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage

Neurol Neurochir Pol. Jul-Aug 2016;50(4):275-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pjnns.2016.03.003. Epub 2016 Mar 19.

Abstract

Context: Hypertension is the single most important risk factor for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and often leads to solitary hematoma. Multiple spontaneous simultaneous ICH is not common, and bilateral hemorrhages occurred in symmetrical basal ganglia is extremely rare. Most reported cases accepted conservative treatment and suffered extremely poor outcome.

Case report: A 57-year-old male became unconscious when having supper and was transported to our emergency room immediately. Non-contract CT brain scanning showed simultaneous bilateral hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage; he was treated by stereotactic aspiration and thrombolysis for both sides, with subsequent thrombolysis and clot aspiration through hematoma-indwelling catheter. The hematomas were almost totally cleared within a week. His condition improved gradually. Nearly 10 months after onset, he could chow and swallow food, controlling bowels and bladder all by himself, but need some help when feeding and using toilet.

Conclusion: Simultaneous bilateral hypertensive basal ganglia hemorrhage is a devastating cerebrovascular disease with significant high morbidity and mortality. Stereotactic aspiration and thrombolysis is a safe and effective way to clear hematomas within short time, thus reducing the neurological impairment from hematoma mass effect and secondary brain injury, improving prognosis.

Keywords: Basal ganglia hemorrhage; Bilateral; Hypertension; Stereotaxic techniques.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Basal Ganglia Hemorrhage / diagnostic imaging
  • Basal Ganglia Hemorrhage / etiology*
  • Basal Ganglia Hemorrhage / surgery
  • Brain / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / complications*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Stereotaxic Techniques
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed
  • Treatment Outcome