Enhanced recovery after surgery: An opportunity to improve fractured neck of femur management

Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2016 Sep;98(7):500-6. doi: 10.1308/rcsann.2016.0196. Epub 2016 Jul 4.


Introduction Approximately 67,000 hip fractures occurred in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2014, and annual hospital costs for fracture are around £1.1 billion. We review the potential scope for improving length of stay (LOS). Methods Hospital Episode Statistics data on non-elective admissions to 137 hospital trusts between November 2013 and October 2015 with a primary diagnosis of fractured neck of femur were analysed. The primary outcome was superspell LOS, which is the total LOS for all related spells for a single patient during an episode of care. Secondary outcomes were discharge to home, readmission at 28 days and in-hospital mortality. Results The mean observed LOS was 22.1±3.8 days (range 12.3-33.7 days). The range for case mix-adjusted expected LOS was 21.5-24.4 days. On average, 6.7±1.5% (range 3.6%-10.9%) of patients died while in hospital, at a relative risk of in-hospital mortality of 28.2-182.9. A mean of 12.3±3.2% (range 3.9% to 23.0%) of patients were readmitted at 28 days, at a relative relative risk of 34.8-203.2. Conclusions The wide range of observed LOS in our study is unlikely to be due to the case mix, as the case mix-adjusted range of LOS is less than 3 days, but rather due to local processes and pathways. There is therefore considerable scope for quality and efficiency of care improvements in our hospitals. We propose this could be best achieved if clinicians experienced in enhanced recovery focused on FNOF pathways.

Keywords: Emergency surgery; Enhanced recovery Fast track; Femoral neck fractures; Length of stay.

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis-Related Groups
  • Femoral Neck Fractures / mortality
  • Femoral Neck Fractures / surgery*
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay
  • Quality Improvement*
  • Quality of Health Care
  • Retrospective Studies