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. 2016 Jun 15;4:62.
doi: 10.3389/fped.2016.00062. eCollection 2016.

Influence of Yoga-Based Personality Development Program on Psychomotor Performance and Self-efficacy in School Children

Free PMC article

Influence of Yoga-Based Personality Development Program on Psychomotor Performance and Self-efficacy in School Children

Madhusudan Das et al. Front Pediatr. .
Free PMC article


Selective attention and efficacy are important components of scholastic performance in school children. While attempts are being made to introduce new methods to improve academic performance either as part of curricular or extracurricular activities in schools, the success rates are minimal. Hence, this study assessed the effect of yoga-based intervention on psychomotor performance and self-efficacy in school children. Two hundred ten school children with ages ranging from 11 to 16 years (mean age ± SD; 13.7 ± 0.8 years) satisfying the inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited for the 10-day yogä program. An equal number of age-matched participants (n = 210; mean ± SD; 13.1 ± 0.8 years) were selected for the control group. Participants were assessed for attention and performance at the beginning and end of 10 days using trail making task (TMT) A and B, and self-efficacy questionnaire. The yoga group showed higher self-efficacy and improved performance after 10 days of yoga intervention. The performance in TMT-A and -B of the yoga group showed a significantly higher number of attempts with a reduction in time taken to complete the task and a number of wrong attempts compared with control group. Results suggest that yoga practice enhances self-efficacy and processing speed with fine motor coordination, visual-motor integration, visual perception, planning ability, and cognitive performance.

Keywords: academic performance; attention; self-efficacy; trail making test; yoga.


Figure 1
Figure 1
Evidence-based beneficial effects of yoga in school children.

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