Comparative efficacy of cognitive and behavioral bibliotherapy for mildly and moderately depressed older adults

J Consult Clin Psychol. 1989 Jun;57(3):403-7. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.57.3.403.


The efficacy of bibliotherapy for mildly and moderately depressed older adults was examined. Cognitive bibliotherapy and behavioral bibliotherapy were compared with a delayed-treatment control condition. Results indicate that the two experimental conditions were superior to the control condition, but that the cognitive and behavioral bibliotherapies were nondifferentially efficacious. Sixty-six percent of the subjects demonstrated clinically significant change. There were no specific effects associated with either the cognitive or the behavioral interventions. Treatment gains were maintained at 6-month follow-up. The implications of bibliotherapy for geriatric depression as an alternative or adjunct to traditional treatments are discussed.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Comparative Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Behavior Therapy / methods*
  • Bibliotherapy / methods*
  • Cognition*
  • Depressive Disorder / psychology
  • Depressive Disorder / therapy*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male