Relationship between compliance and resistance to outflow of CSF in adult hydrocephalus

J Neurosurg. 1989 Jul;71(1):59-62. doi: 10.3171/jns.1989.71.1.0059.


Resistance to outflow of cerebrospinal fluid (Rcsf) was determined by constant flow infusions and pressure-volume index (PVI) using bolus infusions in 114 patients with various types of hydrocephalus. A clear correlation was found between PVI and Rcsf and, to a lesser degree, between these two parameters and baseline pressure. The PVI was not related to patient's age, duration of disease, type of hydrocephalus, or ventricular size, indicating that the relationship between PVI and Rcsf was genuine and not caused by patient selection. It is concluded that, in adult hydrocephalus, compliance is not an independent parameter but chiefly determined by Rcsf.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid / physiology*
  • Child
  • Compliance
  • Humans
  • Hydrocephalus / physiopathology*
  • Intracranial Pressure
  • Middle Aged
  • Statistics as Topic