The pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans must adapt to glucose-limited conditions in the lung and glucose replete conditions upon dissemination to the brain. We report that glucose controls ribosome biogenesis and translation by modulating mRNA decay through a balance of PKA and Hog1 signalling. Glucose signalling through PKA stabilized ribosomal protein (RP) mRNAs whereas glucose starvation destabilized RP transcripts through Hog1. Glucose starvation-induced oxidative stress response genes, and treatment of glucose-fed cells with reactive oxygen species (ROS) generating compounds repressed RP transcripts, both of which were dependent on Hog1. Stabilization of RP transcripts led to retention of polysomes in a hog1Δ mutant, whereas stabilization of RP transcripts by cyclic AMP did not affect translation repression, suggesting that Hog1 alone signals translation repression. In sum, this work describes a novel antagonism between PKA and Hog1 controlling ribosome biogenesis via mRNA stability in response to glucose availability in this important human pathogen.
© 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.