Hepatitis due to reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) has been reported in patients treated with direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents for chronic hepatitis C virus infection. We performed an observational study to determine the incidence of and factors associated with hepatitis in 327 patients receiving pan-oral DAA agents for HCV infections in areas endemic for HBV in China. Ten patients were positive for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and 124 patients had occult HBV infection. HBV reactivation was determined by measuring HBV DNA and HBsAg status in serial serum samples collected every 2 weeks during DAA treatment and then every 4 weeks after treatment until week 12. In the total study population, 10 patients (3.1%) had hepatitis; 3 cases were associated with HBV reactivation (1 case not in the icteric phase, 1 case in the icteric phase, and 1 case with liver failure) and 7 from other causes. Testing positive for HBsAg before DAA treatment was a strong risk factor for developing hepatitis during treatment (hazard ratio, 15.0; P < .001).
Keywords: Coinfection; Prognostic Factor; Risk Factor; Therapy.
Copyright © 2017 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.