Effect of reaction temperature on the size and morphology of scorodite synthesized using ultrasound irradiation

Ultrason Sonochem. 2017 Mar;35(Pt B):598-604. doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2016.04.026. Epub 2016 Apr 26.


Synthesis of scorodite (FeAsO4·2H2O) using dynamic action agglomeration and the oxidation effect from ultrasound irradiation was investigated. The effect of different reaction temperatures (90, 70, 50, and 30°C) on the size and morphology of scorodite particles synthesized under O2 gas flow and ultrasound irradiation was explored because the generation of fine bubbles depends on the solution temperature. At 90°C, the size of scorodite particles was non-homogeneous (from fine particles (<1μm) to large particles (>10μm)). The oxidation-reduction potential (ORP) and yield at 90°C showed lower values than those at 70°C. The scorodite particles, including fine and non-homogeneous particles, were generated by a decrease in the oxidation of Fe(II) to Fe(III) and promotion of dissolution caused by the generation of radicals and jet flow from ultrasound irradiation. Using ultrasound irradiation in the synthesis of scorodite at low temperature (30°C) resulted in the appearance of scorodite peaks in the X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern after a reaction time of 3h. The peaks became more intense with a reaction temperature of 50°C and crystalline scorodite was obtained. Therefore, ultrasound irradiation can enable the synthesis of scorodite at 30°C as well as the synthesis of large particles (>10μm) at higher temperature. Oxide radicals and jet flow generated by ultrasound irradiation contributed significantly to the synthesis and crystal growth of scorodite.

Keywords: Arsenic; Oxidation; Scorodite; Ultrasound.