Introduction: Hypomethylating agents (HMAs) are the standard of care for patients with higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), but patients who relapse or are refractory have a poor prognosis with an estimated survival of 4-6 months. Rigosertib, a Ras mimetic that inhibits the phophoinositide 3-kinase and polo-like kinase pathways, has been tested in patients with higher-risk MDS following treatment with HMAs, where there are no approved second-line therapies.
Areas covered: This review will provide an overview of rigosertib, including safety and efficacy demonstrated in clinical trials. Expert commentary: There is an urgent need for new treatment options for patients who have failed or progressed on HMAs. Rigosertib is currently undergoing testing as a single agent in certain subsets of higher-risk MDS patients as well as in combination with azacitidine, where preliminary data show efficacy in patients with de novo MDS as well as HMA failures.
Keywords: DNA methyltransferase inhibitors; Myelodysplastic syndromes; ON 0910.Na; Ras-binding domain; hypomethylating agents; phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase; polo-like kinase; rigosertib.