A comparative study of the antacid effect of raw spinach juice and spinach extract in an artificial stomach model

J Complement Integr Med. 2016 Dec 1;13(4):387-391. doi: 10.1515/jcim-2016-0032.


BackgroundSpinacia oleracea known as spinach is a green-leafy vegetable consumed by people across the globe. It is reported to possess potent medicinal properties by virtue of its numerous antioxidant phytoconstituents, together termed as the natural antioxidant mixture (NAO). The present study compares the antacid effect of raw spinach juice with an antioxidant-rich methanolic extract of spinach (NAOE) in an artificial stomach model. MethodsThe pH of NAOE at various concentrations (50, 100 and 200 mg/mL) and its neutralizing effect on artificial gastric acid was determined and compared with that of raw spinach juice, water, the active control sodium bicarbonate (SB) and a marketed antacid preparation ENO. A modified model of Vatier's artificial stomach was used to determine the duration of consistent neutralization of artificial gastric acid for the test compounds. The neutralizing capacity of test compounds was determined in vitro using the classical titration method of Fordtran. Results NAOE (50, 100 and 200 mg/mL), spinach juice, SB and ENO showed significantly better acid-neutralizing effect, consistent duration of neutralization and higher antacid capacity when compared with water. Highest antacid activity was demonstrated by ENO and SB followed by spinach juice and NAOE200. Spinach juice exhibited an effect comparable to NAOE (200 mg/mL). ConclusionsThus, it may be concluded that spinach displays significant antacid activity be it in the raw juice form or as an extract in methanol.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Antacids / pharmacology*
  • Anti-Ulcer Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Fruit and Vegetable Juices
  • Gastric Acid / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Models, Biological
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Plant Preparations / pharmacology*
  • Spinacia oleracea / chemistry*
  • Stomach / chemistry
  • Stomach / drug effects*


  • Antacids
  • Anti-Ulcer Agents
  • Antioxidants
  • Plant Extracts
  • Plant Preparations