Insights into Borrelia miyamotoi infection from an untreated case demonstrating relapsing fever, monocytosis and a positive C6 Lyme serology

Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2016 Sep;86(1):93-6. doi: 10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2016.06.015. Epub 2016 Jun 22.


We describe a patient from the United States with PCR- and serology-confirmed Borrelia miyamotoi infection who recovered without antibiotics. Our findings suggest that B. miyamotoi infection may cause relapsing fever, blood monocytosis and antibody reactivity to the C6 peptide. Further studies are required to better define the spectrum of clinical and laboratory findings for this emerging tick-transmitted infection.

Keywords: Borrelia; Borrelia Miyamotoi; C6 serology; Lyme disease; Monocytosis; Relapsing fever.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antibodies, Bacterial / blood*
  • Borrelia / immunology*
  • Borrelia / isolation & purification*
  • Humans
  • Leukocytosis / etiology*
  • Male
  • Monocytes / pathology*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Relapsing Fever / diagnosis*
  • Relapsing Fever / pathology*
  • Serologic Tests
  • United States


  • Antibodies, Bacterial