Serum antibodies to cow's milk proteins in pediatric inflammatory bowel disease. Crohn's disease versus ulcerative colitis

Acta Paediatr Scand. 1989 May;78(3):384-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.1989.tb11097.x.


Serum antibodies to five cow's milk proteins (alpha-casein, bovine serum albumin, beta-lactoglobulin A and B, and alpha-lactalbumin) were investigated in young patients with inflammatory bowel disease (56 Crohn's disease, 24 ulcerative colitis). IgG antibodies against bovine serum albumin, beta-lactoglobulin A and beta-lactoglobulin B were higher in Crohn's disease patients than in those with ulcerative colitis or the controls. IgG anti-bovine serum albumin antibodies were higher in those Crohn's disease patients who had higher scores of disease activity. Finally, IgA antibodies to alpha-casein were higher in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis when compared to controls. These findings may be due to increased uptake of dietary antigens or enhanced immunological response occurring in Crohn's disease patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Caseins / immunology
  • Child
  • Colitis, Ulcerative / immunology*
  • Crohn Disease / immunology*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin A / analysis
  • Immunoglobulin G / analysis
  • Immunoglobulin M / analysis
  • Immunoglobulins / analysis*
  • Lactalbumin / immunology
  • Lactoglobulins / immunology
  • Milk Proteins / immunology*
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine / immunology


  • Caseins
  • Immunoglobulin A
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Immunoglobulins
  • Lactoglobulins
  • Milk Proteins
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine
  • Lactalbumin