The postoperative courses of 109 patients with early gastric carcinoma treated from 1970 through 1976 were followed for 10 years. The cumulative 5-year survival rate was 96 percent and the 10-year survival rate was 92 percent. In this series, there was no significant difference in the survival rates between the mucosal cancer and submucosal invasion groups or between patients with and without lymph node metastasis. Five patients died from the recurrent cancer. The other causes of death were metachronous primary cancer in eight patients, synchronous primary cancer of sigmoid colon or rectum in two, cerebrovascular accident in six, heart disease in six, other causes in four, and unknown causes in four. Although the prognosis of early gastric cancer is remarkably good, patients should be carefully followed over a long period for late recurrence of the primary cancer and possible metachronous cancer of the other organs.