Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is an aggressive neoplasm, and the treatment options for advanced GBC are limited. Recently, long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as new gene regulators and prognostic markers in several cancers. In this study, we found that metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1) expression was up-regulated in GBC tissues (P < 0.05). Luciferase reporter assays and RNA pull down assays showed that MALAT1 is a target of miR-363-3p. Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis indicated that MALAT1 regulated Myeloid cell leukaemia-1 (MCL-1) expression as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) for miR-363-3p in GBC cells. Furthermore, MALAT1 silencing decreased GBC cell proliferation and the S phase cell population and induced apoptosis in vitro. In vivo, tumour volumes were significantly decreased in the MALAT1 silencing group compared with those in the control group. These data demonstrated that the MALAT1/miR-363-3p/MCL-1 regulatory pathway controls the progression of GBC. Inhibition of MALAT1 expression may be to a novel therapeutic strategy for gallbladder cancer.
Keywords: MALAT1; MCL-1; competing endogenous RNA; gallbladder cancer; miR-363-3p.
© 2016 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine.