Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is a major autoimmune blistering skin disorder, in which a majority of the autoantibodies (autoAbs) target the juxtamembranous extracellular noncollagenous 16A domain (NC16A) domain of hemidesmosomal collagen XVII. BP-autoAbs may target regions of collagen XVII other than the NC16A domain; however, correlations between epitopes of BP-autoAbs and clinical features have not been fully elucidated. To address correlations between the clinical features and specific epitopes of BP-autoAbs, we evaluated the epitope profiles of BP-autoAbs in 121 patients. A total of 87 patients showed a typical inflammatory phenotype with erythema and autoAbs targeting the anti-NC16A domain, whereas 14 patients showed a distinct noninflammatory phenotype, in which autoAbs specifically targeted the midportion of collagen XVII, but not NC16A. Interestingly, this group clinically showed significantly reduced erythema associated with scant lesional infiltration of eosinophils. Surprisingly, 7 of the 14 cases (50.0%) received dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitors for the treatment of diabetes. Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitors were used in 3 of 76 (3.9%) typical cases of BP with autoAbs targeting NC16A; thus, dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitors are thought to be involved in the development of atypical noninflammatory BP. This study shows that the autoAb profile differentiates between inflammatory and noninflammatory BP, and that noninflammatory BP may be associated with dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitors.
Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.