The location of a physician's residency training is known to be a factor in selection of a practice location. In this paper, the authors analyze the practice locations of 689 family physicians who graduated from residency programs in Texas between 1979 and 1987 and who were practicing in Texas in 1988. One-third of these graduates were practicing in cities the same size as their residency program city. More than half were in counties located within 60 miles of the residency city. Both of these trends can be explained to a large degree by the fact that a high percentage of graduates remained in their residency city to practice. When these nonmobile graduates are removed from the sample, the findings show no correlation between the size of the residency city and the size of the practice city. More than two-thirds of those graduates who left their residency city were in counties beyond a 60-mile radius. Almost two-thirds were practicing in communities of less than 25,000 population. The authors conclude that state support for family practice residency training has been effective in distributing family physicians in a manner that addresses the needs of the state of Texas as a whole.