Loxoprofen: A Review in Pain and Inflammation

Clin Drug Investig. 2016 Sep;36(9):771-781. doi: 10.1007/s40261-016-0440-9.


Loxoprofen (Loxonin(®), Loxonin(®) Pap, Loxonin(®) Tape) is a prodrug-type NSAID that is available in several formulations, including 60 mg tablets, 100 mg hydrogel patches and 50 or 100 mg tape. In active comparator-controlled trials, oral loxoprofen therapy (ranging from 2 days to 6 weeks' duration depending on the pain type) provided analgesic efficacy that generally did not significantly differ from that of celecoxib for postoperative pain or frozen shoulder, ibuprofen for knee osteoarthritis or naproxen for lumbar pain. In double-blind, double-dummy, multicentre trials, loxoprofen hydrogel patches were noninferior to oral loxoprofen with regard to rates of final overall symptomatic improvement over 1-4 weeks in patients with knee osteoarthritis, myalgia or trauma-induced swelling and pain. Loxoprofen hydrogel patches were also noninferior to other commercially available patches (ketoprofen and indometacin) over 2 or 4 weeks in patients with knee osteoarthritis or myalgia in open-label studies. Oral and topical loxoprofen were generally well tolerated in clinical trials. Thus, loxoprofen is a useful analgesic option for patients with pain and inflammation, with topical loxoprofen potentially reducing the risk of gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and renal complications associated with oral NSAID use.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / adverse effects
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Inflammation / drug therapy*
  • Pain / drug therapy*
  • Phenylpropionates / adverse effects
  • Phenylpropionates / therapeutic use*
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Phenylpropionates
  • loxoprofen