Prosthetic valve endocarditis 7 months after transcatheter aortic valve implantation diagnosed with 3D TEE

Hellenic J Cardiol. Mar-Apr 2016;57(2):119-23. doi: 10.1016/j.hjc.2015.03.001. Epub 2016 Apr 9.


Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) was introduced as an alternative treatment for patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis for whom surgery would be high-risk. Prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis is a serious complication of surgical AVR (SAVR) with high morbidity and mortality. According to recent cases, post-TAVI prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) seems to occur very rarely. We present the case of a 75-year-old woman who underwent TAVI (Edwards Saphien XT) with an uneventful postoperative stay. She was diagnosed with endocarditis using three dimensional (3D) echocardiography on the TAVI device 7 months later and she subsequently underwent surgical aortic valve replacement. Little experience of the interpretation of transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and the clinical course and effectiveness of treatment strategies in post-TAVI endocarditis exists. We report a case of PVE in a TAVI patient which was diagnosed with three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography (3DTEE).

Keywords: 3D echocardiography; Infective endocarditis; Transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional / methods
  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal / methods
  • Endocarditis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Endocarditis / etiology
  • Endocarditis / surgery
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Prosthesis Failure
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Rheumatic Heart Disease / etiology
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement / adverse effects*