126 eyes with open-angle glaucoma and defects of the visual field were studied over five years (+/-1.3) by repeated perimetries with Octopus Perimeter, Program 31, after the IOP had been normalized from 26.49 mm Hg to 19 mm Hg. All patients had suffered visual field defects in the period with increased pressure preceding our study and had many perimetric examinations before. The aim of the study was to check the behaviour of the visual field defects after pressure normalization. For evaluation of the visual fields, the upper most line of the test-points and the 6 test-points surrounding the blind spot were disregarded. The evaluation of each field and the comparison with preceding fields (no change, better, or worse) were done by the symmetry test of Bowker instead of the Delta Program, taking into account each of the 61 test-points with a significance level of 5%. In each patient the eye with the heavier field loss was evaluated.
Results: 67% of all eyes had no change during the observation time, 12% became better, and 21% worse. Improvement of the visual fields occurred even in old age: 10% became better in the age-group over 70 years. The total loss decreased in the 15 eyes which improved by 269 dB. In eyes which deteriorated, the total loss increased by 282 dB. The good news of this study is that normalization of IOP can stop the further decay of the visual-field in 67% and an improvement of the field loss is possible even in old age of with heavy field loss.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)