α-Phellandrene, a Cyclic Monoterpene, Attenuates Inflammatory Response Through Neutrophil Migration Inhibition and Mast Cell Degranulation

Life Sci. 2016 Sep 1;160:27-33. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2016.07.008. Epub 2016 Jul 20.

Abstract

Aims: We aimed to investigate the modulating effect of α-phellandrene on neutrophil migration and mast cell degranulation processes.

Main methods: Male Wistar rats or Swiss mice were treated p.o. with vehicle (3% Tween 80, p.o.), α-phellandrene (50, 100, or 200mg/kg, p.o.), or dexamethasone (0.5mg/kg, p.o.) 1h before carrageenan injection. Then, the neutrophil migration in 6-day-old air pouches or peritoneal cavities. The leukocyte rolling and adhesion were measured in real time and assessed by intravital microscopy. ELISA was used to detect TNF-α and IL-6 in peritoneal lavage. Compound 48/80-induced mast cell degranulation was assessed in mesenteric rat tissues.

Key findings: In all the tested doses, α-phellandrene prevented carrageenan-induced neutrophil accumulation (P<0.05). As detected by intravital microscopy, α-phellandrene also inhibited leukocyte rolling and adhesion, as well as significantly inhibited the production of the pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6. Moreover, the degranulation of compound 48/80-induced mast cells was also inhibited by α-phellandrene (P<0.001).

Significance: These results suggest that α-phellandrene plays an important role as an anti-inflammatory agent through neutrophil migration modulation and mast cell stabilization.

Keywords: Air-pouch; Inflammation; Mast cell; Neutrophil; Peritonitis; α-Phellandrene.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Adhesion / drug effects
  • Cell Degranulation / drug effects*
  • Cell Movement / drug effects*
  • Cyclohexane Monoterpenes
  • Male
  • Mast Cells / drug effects*
  • Mice
  • Monoterpenes / pharmacology*
  • Neutrophils / cytology
  • Neutrophils / drug effects*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar

Substances

  • Cyclohexane Monoterpenes
  • Monoterpenes
  • alpha phellandrene