Blood Gas Analyzers

Top Companion Anim Med. 2016 Mar;31(1):27-34. doi: 10.1053/j.tcam.2016.05.001. Epub 2016 May 25.


Acid-base and respiratory disturbances are common in sick and hospitalized veterinary patients; therefore, blood gas analyzers have become integral diagnostic and monitoring tools. This article will discuss uses of blood gas analyzers, types of samples that can be used, sample collection methods, potential sources of error, and potential alternatives to blood gas analyzers and their limitations. It will also discuss the types of analyzers that are available, logistical considerations that should be taken into account when purchasing an analyzer, and the basic principles of how these analyzers work.

Keywords: acid-base; acidosis; alkalosis blood gas; arterial; venous.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acidosis, Respiratory / blood
  • Acidosis, Respiratory / diagnosis
  • Acidosis, Respiratory / veterinary*
  • Animals
  • Blood Gas Analysis / instrumentation
  • Blood Gas Analysis / methods
  • Blood Gas Analysis / veterinary*
  • Cat Diseases / blood
  • Cat Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Cats
  • Dog Diseases / blood
  • Dog Diseases / diagnosis*
  • Dogs
  • Point-of-Care Testing*
  • Veterinary Medicine