Committee Opinion No. 668: Menstrual Manipulation for Adolescents With Physical and Developmental Disabilities

Obstet Gynecol. 2016 Aug;128(2):e20-5. doi: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000001585.


For an adolescent with physical disabilities, intellectual disabilities, or both, and for her caregivers, menstruation can present significant challenges. If, after an evaluation, the adolescent, her family, and the obstetrician-gynecologist have decided that menstrual intervention is warranted, advantages and disadvantages of hormonal methods should be reviewed and individualized to each patient's specific needs. Complete amenorrhea may be difficult to achieve, and realistic expectations should be addressed with the patient and her caregivers. The goal in menstrual manipulation should be optimal suppression, which means a reduction in the amount and total days of menstrual flow. Menstrual suppression before menarche and endometrial ablation are not recommended as treatments. Optimal gynecologic health care for adolescents with disabilities is comprehensive; maintains confidentiality; is an act of dignity and respect toward the patient; maximizes the patient's autonomy; avoids harm; and assesses and addresses the patient's knowledge of puberty, menstruation, sexuality, safety, and consent.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Contraceptive Agents, Female / therapeutic use*
  • Developmental Disabilities / complications*
  • Disabled Persons*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysterectomy
  • Intrauterine Devices
  • Menstruation Disturbances / therapy*
  • Menstruation*
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic


  • Contraceptive Agents, Female