: In rats with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), the therapeutic effects and underlying mechanisms of action of stroke treatment were compared between bone-marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) derived from T1DM rats (DM-BMSCs) and BMSCs derived from normal rats (Nor-BMSCs). The novel role of microRNA-145 (miR-145) in mediating DM-BMSC treatment-induced benefits was also investigated. T1DM rats (n = 8 per group) underwent 2 hours of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) and were treated 24 hours later with the one of the following (5 × 106 cells administered i.v.): (a) phosphate-buffered saline (PBS); (b) Nor-BMSCs; (c) DM-BMSCs; (d) DM-BMSCs with miR-145 overexpression (miR-145+/+DM-BMSCs); or (e) Nor-BMSCs with miR-145 knockdown. Evaluation of functional outcome, vascular and white-matter remodeling and microRNA expression was made, and in vitro studies were performed. In vitro, DM-BMSCs exhibited decreased miR-145 expression and increased survival compared with Nor-BMSCs. Capillary tube formation and axonal outgrowth in cultured primary cortical neurons were significantly increased by DM-BMSC-conditioned medium compared with Nor-BMSCs, and significantly decreased by miR-145+/+DM-BMSC-conditioned medium compared with DM-BMSCs. In T1DM rats in which stroke had been induced (T1DM stroke rats), DM-BMSC treatment significantly improved functional outcome, increased vascular and white matter remodeling, decreased serum miR-145 expression, and increased expression of the miR-145 target genes adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette transporter 1 (ABCA1) and insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGFR1), compared with Nor-BMSCs or PBS treatment. However, miR-145+/+DM-BMSCs significantly increased serum miR-145 expression and decreased brain ABCA1 and IGFR1 expression, as well as attenuated DM-BMSC-induced neurorestorative effects in T1DM-MCAo rats. DM-BMSCs exhibited decreased miR-145 expression. In T1DM-MCAo rats, DM-BMSC treatment improved functional outcome and promoted neurorestorative effects. The miR-145/ABCA1/IGFR1 pathway may contribute to the enhanced DM-BMSCs' functional and neurorestorative effects in T1DM stroke rats.
Significance: In rats with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), the therapeutic effects and underlying mechanisms of action of stroke treatment were compared between bone-marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) derived from T1DM rats (DM-BMSCs) and BMSCs derived from normal rats (Nor-BMSCs). In vitro, DM-BMSCs and derived exosomes decreased miR-145 expression and increased DM-BMSC survival, capillary tube formation, and axonal outgrowth, compared with Nor-BMSCs; these effects were decreased by DM-BMSCs in which miR-145 was overexpressed. In vivo, compared with Nor-BMSC or phosphate-buffered saline treatment, DM-BMSC treatment improved functional outcome and vascular and white matter remodeling, decreased serum miR-145 expression, and increased expression of the miR-145 target genes ABCA1 and IGFR1. microRNA-145 mediated the benefits induced by DM-BMSC treatment.
Keywords: Bone marrow stem cells; MicroRNA 145; Neurorestoration; Stroke; Type 1 diabetes mellitus.