Missense mutations in kinesin family member 5A (KIF5A) cause spastic paraplegia 10. We report on 2 patients with de novo stop-loss frameshift variants in KIF5A resulting in a novel phenotype that includes severe infantile onset myoclonus, hypotonia, optic nerve abnormalities, dysphagia, apnea, and early developmental arrest. We propose that alteration and elongation of the carboxy-terminus of the protein has a dominant-negative effect, causing mitochondrial dysfunction in the setting of an abnormal kinesin "motor." These results highlight the role of expanded testing and whole-exome sequencing in critically ill infants and emphasize the importance of accurate test interpretation. Ann Neurol 2016;80:633-637.
© 2016 American Neurological Association.