Aim: To study the association of ABCB1 and CYP2C19 polymorphisms and the clopidogrel response in Spanish peripheral artery disease patients following percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and to perform a meta-analysis.
Materials & methods: 72 patients were recruited and 122 patients included in the meta-analysis. We evaluated the effect of ABCB1 3435 C>T, CYP2C19*2 and CYP2C19*3 and primary end point (restenosis/occlusion of the treated lesions) during 12 months after PTA.
Results: CYP2C19*2 and/or ABCB1 TT patients were associated with primary end point (OR: 5.00; 95% CI: 1.75-14.27). The meta-analysis confirmed the association of CYP2C19*2 and new atherothrombotic ischemic events (OR: 5.40; 95% CI: 2.30-12.70).
Conclusion: The CYP2C19 and ABCB1 polymorphisms could be genetic markers of cardiovascular events in peripheral artery disease patients following PTA treated with clopidogrel.
Keywords: SNP; clopidogrel; percutaneous transluminal angioplasty; pharmacogenetics.