Advanced Ultrasound-Guided Interventions for Tendinopathy

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2016 Aug;27(3):733-48. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2016.04.008.


Tendinopathy is increasingly recognized as an important cause of musculoskeletal pain and disability. Tendinopathy is thought to be principally a degenerative process, rather than inflammatory as was traditionally believed. Consequently, traditional tendinopathy treatments focused solely on decreasing inflammation have often been ineffective or even harmful. The advancement of ultrasonography as for guidance of outpatient musculoskeletal procedures has facilitated the development of novel percutaneous procedures for the treatment of tendinopathy, mostly by using mechanical intervention to stimulate regeneration. Several of these techniques, including percutaneous needle tenotomy, percutaneous ultrasonic tenotomy, high-volume injection, and percutaneous needle scraping, are reviewed in this article.

Keywords: High volume; Musculoskeletal; Percutaneous; Sonography; Tendinosis; Tendon; Tenotomy; Ultrasound.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones / administration & dosage
  • Anesthetics, Local / administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Tendinopathy / diagnostic imaging*
  • Tendinopathy / therapy*
  • Tendons / diagnostic imaging*
  • Tendons / surgery*
  • Tenotomy / methods*
  • Ultrasonography, Interventional / methods*


  • Adrenal Cortex Hormones
  • Anesthetics, Local