Background and Epidemiology

Pediatr Clin North Am. 2016 Aug;63(4):567-84. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2016.04.001.


Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common autosomal-recessive disease in white persons. Significant advances in therapies and outcomes have occurred for people with CF over the past 30 years. Many of these improvements have come about through the concerted efforts of the CF Foundation and international CF societies; networks of CF care centers; and the worldwide community of care providers, researchers, and patients and families. There are still hurdles to overcome to continue to improve the quality of life, reduce CF complications, prolong survival, and ultimately cure CF. This article reviews the epidemiology of CF, including trends in incidence and prevalence, clinical characteristics, common complications, and survival.

Keywords: BMI; Cystic fibrosis; FEV(1); MRSA; Mortality; Newborn screening; Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cystic Fibrosis / complications
  • Cystic Fibrosis / diagnosis
  • Cystic Fibrosis / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Neonatal Screening
  • Prevalence
  • Survival Rate