Safety and Efficacy of Gadoxetate Disodium-Enhanced Liver MRI in Pediatric Patients Aged >2 Months to <18 Years-Results of a Retrospective, Multicenter Study

Magn Reson Insights. 2016 Jul 21;9:21-8. doi: 10.4137/MRI.S39091. eCollection 2016.


Purpose: To assess the safety and efficacy of gadoxetate disodium-enhanced liver MR imaging in pediatric patients.

Material and methods: Retrospective, multicenter study including pediatric patients aged >2 months to <18 years who underwent contrast-enhanced liver MRI due to focal liver lesions. A single intravenous bolus injection of 0.025 to 0.05 mmol/kg body weight of gadoxetate disodium was administered. Adverse events (AEs) up to 24 hours after injection were recorded and a one-year follow-up was conducted for all serious and unexpected AEs. Efficacy was defined based on the additional diagnostic information obtained from the combined (pre- and postcontrast) image sets as compared with the precontrast image sets by blinded reading.

Results: A total of 52 patients for safety and 51 patients for efficacy analyses were evaluated. Twenty-two patients (42.3%) reported a total of 51 serious AEs (SAEs) and one AE after one year. No SAE or AE was related to gadoxetate disodium injection. Gadoxetate disodium-related effects on vital signs were not seen. Additional diagnostic information was obtained for 86.3% of patients. The three most improved efficacy variables were lesion-to-background contrast, lesion characterization, and improved border delineation in 78.4%, 76.5%, and 70.6% of patients, respectively.

Conclusion: Gadoxetate disodium in pediatric patients did not raise any clinically significant safety concern. Contrast enhancement provided additional clinically relevant information.

Keywords: Gadoxetate disodium; MRI; liver imaging; pediatric patients.