The Threat and Response to Infectious Diseases (Revised)

Microb Ecol. 2018 Jul;76(1):19-36. doi: 10.1007/s00248-016-0806-9. Epub 2016 Aug 1.


The threat from microorganisms is complex, and the approaches for reducing the challenges the world is facing are also multifaceted, but a combination approach including several simple steps can make a difference and reduce morbidity and mortality and the economic cost of fighting infectious diseases. This paper discusses the continually evolving infectious disease landscape, contributing factors in the rise of the threat, reasons for optimism, and the policies, technologies, actions, and institutions that might be harnessed to further reduce the dangers introduced by pathogens. It builds upon and updates the work of other authors that have recognized the dangers of emerging and re-emerging pathogens and have explored and documented potential solutions.

Keywords: Antibiotic resistance; Emerging infectious diseases; Strategic.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Bioterrorism
  • Climate Change
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / economics
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / etiology*
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / therapy*
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / transmission
  • Disaster Planning
  • Disasters
  • Drug Misuse
  • Drug Resistance
  • Drug Users
  • Forecasting
  • Global Warming
  • Humans
  • Prescription Drug Overuse
  • Risk Factors
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Social Conditions
  • Travel
  • Urbanization
  • Vaccination