We present a novel, general class of disease progression models for Huntington's disease (HD), a neurodegenerative disease caused by a cytosine-adenine-guanine (CAG) triplet repeat expansion on the huntingtin gene. Models are fit to a selection of structural imaging markers from the TRACK 36-month database. The models are of mixed effects type and should be useful in predicting any continuous marker of HD state as a function of age and CAG length (the genetic factor that drives HD pathology). The effects of age and CAG length are modeled using flexible regression splines. Variability not accounted for by age, CAG length, or covariates is modeled using terms that represent measurement error, population variability (random slopes/intercepts), and variability due to the dynamics of the disease process (random walk terms). A Kalman filter is used to estimate variances of the random walk terms.
© 2016 The Authors CPT: Pharmacometrics & Systems Pharmacology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Society for Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.