Mapping epigenetic changes to the host cell genome induced by Burkholderia pseudomallei reveals pathogen-specific and pathogen-generic signatures of infection

Sci Rep. 2016 Aug 3;6:30861. doi: 10.1038/srep30861.

Abstract

The potential for epigenetic changes in host cells following microbial infection has been widely suggested, but few examples have been reported. We assessed genome-wide patterns of DNA methylation in human macrophage-like U937 cells following infection with Burkholderia pseudomallei, an intracellular bacterial pathogen and the causative agent of human melioidosis. Our analyses revealed significant changes in host cell DNA methylation, at multiple CpG sites in the host cell genome, following infection. Infection induced differentially methylated probes (iDMPs) showing the greatest changes in DNA methylation were found to be in the vicinity of genes involved in inflammatory responses, intracellular signalling, apoptosis and pathogen-induced signalling. A comparison of our data with reported methylome changes in cells infected with M. tuberculosis revealed commonality of differentially methylated genes, including genes involved in T cell responses (BCL11B, FOXO1, KIF13B, PAWR, SOX4, SYK), actin cytoskeleton organisation (ACTR3, CDC42BPA, DTNBP1, FERMT2, PRKCZ, RAC1), and cytokine production (FOXP1, IRF8, MR1). Overall our findings show that pathogenic-specific and pathogen-common changes in the methylome occur following infection.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Burkholderia Infections / genetics*
  • Burkholderia Infections / immunology
  • Burkholderia Infections / microbiology
  • Burkholderia pseudomallei / genetics
  • Burkholderia pseudomallei / growth & development
  • Burkholderia pseudomallei / pathogenicity*
  • DNA Methylation*
  • Epigenesis, Genetic*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Genome, Human*
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Leukemia / genetics*
  • Leukemia / microbiology
  • Leukemia / pathology
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured