Residential Environment for Outdoor Play Among Children in Latino Farmworker Families

J Immigr Minor Health. 2017 Apr;19(2):267-274. doi: 10.1007/s10903-016-0473-4.


Child health and development benefit from physical activity. This analysis describes the residential play environment for children aged 2-4 years in farmworker families, their parent-reported levels of play and media time, and the association of residential environment with play and media time. Mothers with a child aged 2-4 years in farmworker families (n = 248) completed interviews over 2 years. Outcome measures were daily outdoor play time and media time. Measures of the residential environment included physical and social components. The mean min/day for outdoor play was 81.8 (SD 57.3) at baseline, 111.4 (SD 90.1) at year 1 follow-up, and 103.6 (SD 76.2) at year 2 follow-up. The mean media min/day at baseline was 83.8 (SD 64.3), 93.7 (SD 80.3) min/day at year 1 follow-up, and 59.9 min/day (SD (45.6) at year 2 follow-up. One additional person per bedroom was associated with 6 fewer min/day with media. The addition of each age appropriate toy was associated with an additional 12.3 min/day of outdoor play. An additional type of inappropriate media was associated with 6.8 more min/day with media. These results suggest changes to the residential environment to improve physical activity among children in Latino farmworker families.

Keywords: Child health; Immigrant health; Minority health; Physical activity; Vulnerable populations.

MeSH terms

  • Child, Preschool
  • Emigrants and Immigrants / statistics & numerical data*
  • Environment
  • Exercise*
  • Farmers*
  • Female
  • Hispanic or Latino*
  • Housing / statistics & numerical data*
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Play and Playthings
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Social Environment
  • Socioeconomic Factors